World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee sold his original code for $ 5.4 million
This item has been updated with final sale price and other details after auction closes.
Although the revolutionary code has long been in the public domain, the British computer scientist has authorized the sale of a single edition of his original time-stamped files.
Comprising over 9,500 lines of code, the files contain the basis of the languages ââand protocols that underlie the Internet as we know it: Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Universal Document Identified (URI) .
They were sold with an animated visualization of the code and a digital âposterâ âsignedâ by Berners-Lee via a graphic signature. The winning bidder also won a letter, written by the IT specialist, in which he reflects on the code and its creation.
âIt was fun going back and looking at the code,â the letter read. “It’s amazing how these few lines of code, with (the) help of an incredible growing gang of collaborators across the planet, have stayed on track enough to become what the web is today.” hui.
âI never felt like I could relax and sit back, because the web was constantly changing and changing,â Berners-Lee concludes. âIt’s not yet the best possible: there is still work to be done!
A poster showing the code is also included in the auction lot. Credit: Courtesy of Sotheby’s
Sotheby’s had described the code as the âfirst born digital artifactâ ever to be auctioned. The auction house’s global head of science and popular culture, Cassandra Hatton, said the sale offered a chance to “own” part of a technological development that heralded a “paradigm shift” for humanity.
âI tried to find something comparable,â she said on the phone from New York City before the sale. âMaybe I was thinking about the theory of relativity, heliocentrism, printing, light bulbs or the combustion engine. But I think it’s a much more important thing.
“The light bulbs were an improvement over the spark plugs, the combustion engine like an improvement on the steam engine, but with the World Wide Web it was something entirely new.”
A “fully digital artifact”
The Berners-Lee code has been publicly available since 1993, but Hatton believes that being able to own the “original files” makes this NFT like other historic collectibles of great value.
“I look at it from the perspective of someone who has been an expert on books and manuscripts for almost two decades,” she added. âThe existence of the paperback does not devalue the first edition, and the existence of the first edition does not devalue the existence of the manuscripts.
“It’s the same with paintings: How many posters of Van Gogh’s Starry Night are there? They don’t devalue painting at all.”
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Berners-Lee, who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2004, said in a press release ahead of the sale that NFTs represent “the most suitable means of ownership that exists” for its pioneering code.
âWhy an NFT? Well, it’s a natural thing to do like when you’re a computer scientist and you’ve been writing code for many years,â he reportedly said. âIt feels good to digitally sign my autograph on a fully digital artifact. “
As with all of Sotheby’s NFT sales to date – including 28 digital works of art sold for $ 17.1 million two weeks ago – the auction house declined to offer an estimated price for the Berners-Lee code before its sale. The opening bid was only $ 1,000.
Given the limited history of NFTs in the market, Hatton said it would likely take “some time” before auctioneers can provide accurate valuations for NFTs. But she predicted that the buyer would probably be someone “who has experienced the paradigm shift” brought about by the arrival of the web.
“To really appreciate this invention,” she added, “you have to understand what it was like before.”